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Kidney cancer is a disease in which cancer cells grow in the kidneys. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs. They are located just above the waist, on each side of the spine. Their main function is to filter the blood and produce urine. Cancer occurs when cells in the body divide without control or order. Normally, cells divide in a regulated manner. If cells keep dividing uncontrollably when new cells are not needed, a mass of tissue forms, called a growth or tumour.
The term cancer refers to malignant tumours, which can invade nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body. A benign tumour does not invade or spread.
There are two main types of kidney cancer: Wilms tumour, which occurs mainly in children, and renal cell carcinoma in adults. The cells that line the ureter may also give rise to urothelial cell cancer, and the connective tissues of the kidney may produce sarcomas, which are rare.
Our urologists specialise in the care of all types of kidney cancer, including diagnosis, evaluation and all treatment options.